Home Page




Children in Reception and Key Stage 1 are taught phonics every day. We use the National Strategy ‘Letters and Sounds’ programme and the LCP planning resource to teach children the full range of individual sounds and how to blend them together. ‘Letters and Sounds’ enable children to see the relationship between reading and spelling from an early stage - the teaching of one reinforces the understanding of the other.

Progression and Pace

The Letters and Sounds Programme is divided into six phases. However the boundaries between the phases are not fixed. Guided by reliable assessments of the children’s developing knowledge and skills, teachers judge the rate at which their children are able to progress through the phases and adapt the pace accordingly.


Phase 1

Phase One recognises the central importance of developing speaking and listening skills to pave the way to making a good start on reading and writing. It provides a broad and rich language experience for children in the early years’ foundation stage. Phase One activities are arranged under the following seven aspects:

  1. General sound discrimination – environmental sounds
  2. General sound discrimination – instrumental sounds
  3. General sound discrimination – body percussion
  4. Rhythm and rhyme
  5. Alliteration
  6. Voice sounds
  7. Oral blending and segmenting


Each aspect is divided into three strands:

  • Tuning into sounds (auditory discrimination)
  • Listening and remembering sounds (auditory memory and sequencing)
  • Talking about sounds (developing vocabulary and language comprehension.


Phases 2-6

We use a multisensory approach to teaching Letters and Sounds. Phases two to six are designed as a robust programme of high quality phonic work to be taught systematically. Letters and sounds lessons are taught daily for 20-30 minutes and the children are grouped across the two classes. The children are encouraged to apply their developing phonic skills as opportunities arise across the curriculum throughout the day.



  • Nursery – Phase 1 and introduce phase 2 letters before children enter Reception class.
  • Reception – Teach phases 2 and 3. Introduce phase 4
  • Year 1 – Teach phases 4 and 5.
  • Year 2 – Teach phases 5 and 6.

Children should have completed all 6 phases of Letters and Sounds by the end of Key Stage one. However children progress at different rates and the programme continues into Key Stage two until children are secure in all 6 phases.